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Talking the lingo in Rio: Chatting with your new Farsi speaking friends about football

sharing the world with language learning Sharing the world with language learning. Image credit: Everaldo Coelho and YellowIcon. License: This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation.

This article is a series of language learning posts by ParaSport News.  The goal is to provide sport fans some very basic sport and Paralympic vocabulary so you can talk with the world about disability sport at the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio.


Farsi, also known as Persian and Dari and Tajik, is a language native to Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Iraq, Russia, Azerbaijan.  There are around 100 million people world wide who have some level of fluency in the language.  Most often associated with Iran, that country has a strong Paralympic tradition with sitting volleyball.  The country is also active in major Asian championships.

General disability words:

  • آتاکسی – Ataxia
  • حرکت‌پریشی – Athetosis
  • نابینایان  – blind people, the blind
  • نابینایی – blindness
  • فلج مغزی – Cerebral palsy
  • هیپرتونی – Hypertonia
  • دیستروفی ماهیچه‌ای – Muscular dystrophy
  • فلج چندگانه – Multiple sclerosis
  • صندلی چرخ دار – wheelchair

Sport specific words:

  • بازی‌های پارآسیایی – Asian Para Games
  • قطر  – diameter
  •  متر – meters
  • دقیقه‌ای  – minutes
  •  بازی‌های پارالمپیک – Paralympic Games
  • ورزشی  – sport

Football specific words:

  • توپ – ball
  • شیر یا خط – Coin toss
  • تجهیزات – equipment
  • مدافع – Defender
  • دروازه‌بان – Goalkeeper
  • مهاجم – Forward
  • هافبک- Midfielder
  • فوتبال – Football
  • زمین فوتبال – Football pitch
  • دروازه‌ها  – goal
  • گل طلایی – Golden goal
  • ژرسه – Jersey
  • تور – Net
  • وقت اضافه – Overtime
  • اثر مگنوس – Magnus effect
  • داور – Referee
  • تکل – Tackle
Laura Hale
About Laura Hale (2569 Articles)
Laura Hale is a sport journalist, specializing in Paralympic and disability sport news. Prior to helping found ParaSport-News, she spent two and a half years working as a journalist on Wikinews, a citizen journalism site. As a journalist, she has covered the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London, the 2013 IPC Alpine Skiing World Championships in La Molina, the 2014 Winter Paralympics in Sochi, and a number of other sporting events. She has additional experience with Paralympic sport having worked as a Wikipedian in Residence for the Australian and Spanish Paralympic Committees. She has a PhD in Communications from the University of Canberra.

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