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Talking the lingo in Rio: Chatting with your new Slovak speaking friends about football

sharing the world with language learning Sharing the world with language learning. Image credit: Everaldo Coelho and YellowIcon. License: This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation.

This article is a series of language learning posts by ParaSport News.  The goal is to provide sport fans some very basic sport and Paralympic vocabulary so you can talk with the world about disability sport at the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio.


Slovak is a  West Slavic language similar to  Czech, Polish, Silesian, Kashubian, and Sorbian.  If you learn a few words of the language, you should be able to communicate with people who speak those languages because they are often mutually intelligible.  The language is spoken by 5.2 million people, most of them in Slovakia, but also by others found in  the United States, the Czech Republic, Argentina, Serbia, Ireland, Romania, Poland, Canada, Hungary, Croatia, the United Kingdom, Australia, Austria, and Ukraine.  Slovakia has competed as an independent country in the Paralympics since the 1996 Games.  At the London Paralympics, the country picked up 5 medals: 2 gold, 1 silver and 2 bronze medals.

General disability words:

  • Skleróza multiplex – Multiple sclerosis
  • Svalová dystrofia – Muscular dystrophy
  • Tyflopédia – Visual impairment
  • Invalidný vozík – Wheelchair

Sport specific words:

  • Majstrovstvá  – Championship
  • ligy – League
  • Paralympijské – Paralympic
  • Paraolympijské hry – Paralympic Games
  • Rozpis – Schedule
  • turnajov  – Tournament



Football specific words:

  • Lopta – Ball
  • Zvon – Bell
  • Gól – Goal
  • Rozhodca – Referee
  • Obranca – Defender
  • Futbalový útočník – Forward
  • Futbal – Football
  • Lopta na futbal – Soccer ball
Laura Hale
About Laura Hale (2569 Articles)
Laura Hale is a sport journalist, specializing in Paralympic and disability sport news. Prior to helping found ParaSport-News, she spent two and a half years working as a journalist on Wikinews, a citizen journalism site. As a journalist, she has covered the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London, the 2013 IPC Alpine Skiing World Championships in La Molina, the 2014 Winter Paralympics in Sochi, and a number of other sporting events. She has additional experience with Paralympic sport having worked as a Wikipedian in Residence for the Australian and Spanish Paralympic Committees. She has a PhD in Communications from the University of Canberra.

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